Makharij Al Haruf | Makharij Tajweed

Makharij Al Haruf In Tajweed

One of the main benefits of learning the Qur’an with Tajweed is mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet “Those who can recite the Qur’an accurately and precisely will attain the highest ranks in Heaven” because the Holy Qur’an is the only book that its recitation is considered a form of worship with great reward. No other book or letter fits this description.

It is expected of every Muslim to read the Qur’an correctly as much as he can and in the correct way that was revealed to our Holy Prophet. Moving on to the article, we will study all the rules of Mim Sakina to the best of our ability.

Allah The Almighty said:

“And recite the Qur’an with a chant”, i.e., do not rush to read the Qur’an, but rather read it slowly and clearly while reflecting on the meanings.

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

“The one who is proficient with the Qur’an will be with the noble and righteous scribes (the angels), and the one who reads it and stumbles over it, finding it difficult, will have two rewards.”

Ibn Al-Jazari also “Most Famous Tajweed Scholar” said:

“The practical application of Tajweed is without doubt compulsory. Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner”.

Before we shed light on Makharij Al Huroof  and dive into the practice comprehension of its rules, it is also recommended to read the Great Benefits Of Learning Tajweed Quran, as they are also very important an crucial.

We also need to explain why these conditions are known and applied while reciting the Holy Quran. As we know, reading the Qur’an well means reading it correctly according to the rules of Tajweed. Hence, it is important for us to learn the Makharij meaning and its rules.

God Almighty revealed the Noble Qur’an to our Prophet Muhammad in this form (Tajweed) and commanded him to recite its verses, meditate on their meanings, understand their meanings, and beautify their recitation to be different and distinct from other textual readings.

Hence, putting How To Learn Tajweed Rules, including Makharij Al Huroof, a priority and giving it its dues effort and time is of great importance. Also, understanding our responsibilities so that we can receive his mercy is of our greatest duties.

Before we clarify Makharij Al Huroof, check this inspiring article to know How To Learn Tajweed Quran and apply its rules when reciting the Holy Quran.

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Are you struggling with memorizing the Makharij of Arabic Letters? Do you want to understand how each letter is articulated and produced from different parts of your mouth, throat, and nose? If so, this article on Makharij Al Haroof will help you understand and master the correct articulation of every letter.

Makharij Al Haruf is one of the most important principles in Arabic grammar. The science of letter articulation deals with how to accurately pronounce each letter of the Arabic language according to the rules and regulations.

What Does Makharij Mean

Makharij (Arabic مخارج) is a term used to refer to the correct production of Arabic letters. It translates as “exit points” and refers to the positions of the mouth, tongue, and lips used to produce different sounds correctly.

Makharij And Sifaat

Makharij is the place of articulation for producing sound, and sifaat refers to the characteristics of the sounds produced. For example, the makharij for making an ‘h’ sound is from deep in the throat, while its sifaat may include being aspirated (a small puff of air accompanying it).

Knowing how to articulate and pronounce sounds accurately is key to achieving high fluency in Arabic. Learning about makharij and sifaat can also be useful for understanding how the language works, particularly when combining letters into words.

Makharij Of Arabic Letters

The area of speech has been divided into five parts and subdivided into 17. The first five divisions are as follows:

  • Al-Jawf – The Interior/Chest Area
  • Al-Halq –The Throat
  • Al-Lisaan –The Tongue
  • Al-Shafataan – The Lips
  • Al-Khayshoom – The Nasal Passage

Makharij al Haroof in Arabic and English:

Al-Jawf  The Interior/Chest Area:

This area is the point of origin for all speech. It is located in the chest and involves a certain amount of tension to produce sound.

In the al-jawf area, all letters are pronounced from the chest and should not be too loud or too soft. All of the letters that come under this division are:

Alif ( ا ) preceded by a fat-ha

Yaa ( ي ) preceded by a kasrah

Waaw ( و ) preceded by a dammah

Al-Halq The Throat:

The throat area is the part of speech that involves more tension than all other areas. All letters pronounced in this area should be audible and clear. The letters that come under this division are:

Haa’ ( هـ ),

Hamzah ( ء )

 Haa’ ( ح ),

‘Ayn ( ع )

Khaa’ ( خ ),

Gyan ( غ )

Al-Lisaan  The Tongue:

The lisaan area involves using your tongue to produce letter sounds to achieve correct pronunciation. This includes all of the following letters:

 Qaaf ( ق ),

Kaaf ( ك )

Jeem ( ج ),

Sheen ( ش ),

Consonant yaa ( ي )

Al-Shafataan  The Lips:

All the letters within this area are formed using your lips to produce a sound. This includes all of the following letters:

Baa’ ( ب )

Meem ( م)

Consonant waaw ( و )

Faa’ ( ف )

Al-Khayshoom  The Nasal Passage:

All the letters within this area have an extra sound that originates from within the nasal passage. Ghunna is the term used to describe this different sound. Ghunnna is characteristic of the letters Noon ( ن ) and Mim ( م ).

That is the breakdown of Makharij Al Haruf, which covers the main principles of Arabic letter articulation. It is important to thoroughly understand this science to properly pronounce each letter, which is essential for reading, writing, and understanding the Arabic language.

Noorani Qaida Makharij

The Noorani Qaida is a guidebook to the proper pronunciation of Arabic words. It teaches how to correctly articulate letters, letter combinations, and basic vowel sounds. This book is recommended for beginners who want to learn the Arabic alphabet and learn how to read and write Arabic.

It also introduces tajweed (the study of the rules governing the pronunciation of the Qur’ân) and is an essential tool for studying tajweed in depth.

The Noorani Qaida contains four sections: Makharij, Sifaat, Harakaat, and Tashkeel. Each section provides information on pronouncing specific letters and letter combinations properly. The Makharij section explains the basics of Arabic phonetics, including the throat, tongue, and lip positions used to articulate each letter.

17 Makharij

Makharij is the point of articulation in the mouth and throat where the sounds of the Arabic language are produced. There are 17 makharij in total, which are:

  1. Al-jawf (the empty space in the mouth)
  2. Al-halq (the throat)
  3. Al-lisaan (the tongue)
  4. Ash-shafatain (the two lips)
  5. Al-kaikh (the roof of the mouth)
  6. Al-isthnaa (the upper gum)
  7. Al-inbithar (the nasal cavity)
  8. Al-ikhfaa (the nasal passage)
  9. Al-khayshoom (the palate)
  10. Al-lahhah (the sides of the tongue)
  11. Al-rihawah (the molars)
  12. Al-ghunnah (the nasal sound)
  13. Al-ikhfaa shafawi (the hidden shafawi)
  14. Al-istifal (the lower lip)
  15. Al-‘anbar (the upper lip)
  16. Al-khitaan (the circumcision)
  17. Al-tafasil (the gaps between the teeth)

Understanding and mastering these makharij makes it possible to produce accurate and clear sounds in any language.

Importance of Makharij Al Haroof

Learning about Makharij Al Haroof, or the points of articulation for reciting the Quran, is essential for anyone who wishes to read and understand the Quran’s content accurately. This knowledge helps Muslims to properly pronounce each letter, allowing them to avoid any mistakes while they recite.

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What are makharij al haroof?

Makharij al haroof (also known as the points of articulation) are where certain sounds are created in the mouth. They play an important role in the pronunciation of Arabic words and letters.

What are the different types of makharij al haroof?

There are three main types of makharij al haroof: hawa’ (air passage), lisānīyya (tongue placement), and sakhat (lip position). Each type has a unique set of rules and sounds associated with it.

How to do effective makharij practice?

Makharij practice can be done effectively by breaking the sounds of Arabic letters into their basic components, such as correctly positioning your mouth and tongue and practicing each sound with the correct pronunciation. It is also important to use resources such as books, online audio recordings, or a qualified teacher to ensure accuracy.

What is the importance of learning about makharij al haroof?

Learning about makharij al haroof is important for anyone who wants to improve their Arabic pronunciation and fluency.

What should Makharij worksheet include?

A makharij worksheet should typically include the Arabic alphabet’s letters and instructions on how to pronounce each letter correctly. It should also provide visuals or diagrams to help you understand where your mouth and tongue need to be positioned for each sound.

The worksheet can also include practice exercises such as tracing and writing the Arabic letters, as well as drills to help you memorize and recall the sounds quickly.


Learning makharij al haroof can be difficult, but it is an important part of learning Arabic. With enough practice and guidance from a qualified teacher, students can become more proficient in their pronunciation and intonation, leading to higher fluency in the language.

In addition, understanding the makharij al haroof will provide insight into the nuances of different dialects of Arabic and allow students to recognize the minor differences between similar-sounding letters and words. With enough effort, you can master the makharij al haroof and become an expert in the Arabic language.