Laam Sakinah Rules In Tajweed
One of the main benefits of learning the Qur’an with Tajweed is mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet “Those who can recite the Qur’an accurately and precisely will attain the highest ranks in Heaven” because the Holy Qur’an is the only book that its recitation is considered a form of worship with great reward. No other book or letter fits this description.
It is expected of every Muslim to read the Qur’an correctly as much as he can and in the correct way that was revealed to our Holy Prophet. Moving on to the article, we will study all the rules of Mim Sakina to the best of our ability.
Allah The Almighty said:
“And recite the Qur’an with a chant”, i.e., do not rush to read the Qur’an, but rather read it slowly and clearly while reflecting on the meanings.
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
“The one who is proficient with the Qur’an will be with the noble and righteous scribes (the angels), and the one who reads it and stumbles over it, finding it difficult, will have two rewards.”
Ibn Al-Jazari also “Most Famous Tajweed Scholar” said:
“The practical application of Tajweed is without doubt compulsory. Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner”.
Before we shed light on Laam Sakinah Rules and dive into the practice comprehension of its rules, it is also recommended to read the Great Benefits Of Learning Tajweed Quran, as they are also very important an crucial.
We also need to explain why these conditions are known and applied while reciting the Holy Quran. As we know, reading the Qur’an well means reading it correctly according to the rules of Tajweed.
God Almighty revealed the Noble Qur’an to our Prophet Muhammad in this form (Tajweed) and commanded him to recite its verses, meditate on their meanings, understand their meanings, and beautify their recitation to be different and distinct from other textual readings.
Hence, putting How To Learn Tajweed Rules, including Laam Saakin, a priority and giving it its dues effort and time is of great importance. Also, understanding our responsibilities so that we can receive his mercy is of our greatest duties.
Before we clarify the Rules Of Laam Sakinah, check this inspiring article to know How To Learn Tajweed Quran and apply its rules when reciting the Holy Quran.
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Five Laam Sakinah Rules
By Laam Sakinah rules, we mean how to pronounce Laam ل with no vowel, written as ل with the Sukoon sign in the Mushaf (small head of ح above). It is used at beginning, center, or end of the word. At times, it is used as an additional letter like ٱلْمُلْك and sometimes it is used as a part of a word that can’t be detached from it like الَّذِي. To understand how we read this letter depending on the condition, it is important to learn Laam Sakinah rules.
After covering the Rules of Meem Sakinah, Noon Saakin Rules with examples in these blogs, Now is the time to learn more about the rules of Laam Sakinah. There are five rules for Laam Sakina in the Qur’an, which are explained below with the help of examples. All of these types of Lam Sakina bases adhere to two rules: Izhar and Dagham.
1. Laam Tareef
Laam Tareef (لام التعريف) is the definite article of Arabic alif laam (الـ) added at the beginning of the nouns or proper nouns to make them clearly defined. It comes after Hamzat ul Wasl (همزة الوصل) – an alif (ٱ) with the letter (ص) written over it (ٱ). However, we don’t place (ص) on top of it in writing since we know it is there, and no word in the Arabic language begins with alif (only alif with hamza (أ)).
It is added before the Laam Tareef to help us know how to pronounce it. when comes at the beginning, it is read like we are starting with it, and if there is another letter before, will be dropped and connected with the previous letter, e.g., we read ٱَلاَرْض as “Al-ardh” when starts from Hamzatul Wasl, will be dropped and joined to the previous letter like وَٱلْاَرْض recited as “Wal-ardh”.
Laam Tareef is divided into two types:
- Laam Qamariyya (لام قمریّة)
- Laam Shamsiyya (لام شمسیّة)
When any of Al Huroof Al Qamariyya or Moon Letters (هـ ﻱ ﻭ ﻡ ﻙ ﻕ ﻑ ﻍ ﻉ ﺥ ﺡ ﺝ ﺏ أ) follows the Laam, it is read with Izhaar meaning obviousness. It is called Laam Qamariyya. For example, ٱلْحج is read as “Al Hajj” and ٱَلْبيت as “Al Bayt”.
Some examples of Huroof Al-Qamariyya from Al-Quran are as follows:
If any of Huroof Al Shamsiyya or Sun Letters (ﻥ ﻝ ﻅ ﻁ ﺽ ﺹ ﺵ ﺱ ﺯ ﺭ ﺫ ﺩ ﺕ) follows the Laam, will be read with Idghaam meaning merging but without the Ghunna (nasal sound). It is called Laam Shamsiyya. For example, ٱلنَّعيم is read as “An naeem” and الرُّوح as “Ar rooh”.
Some examples of Huroof Al-Shamsiyya from the Quran are as follows:
For more information, check our blog illustrating the Rules of Laam Shamsiya and Laam Qamariya in detail.
2. Laam Sakin in Noun (Ism)
The second type of Laam Sakinah is the one that comes with nouns. Laam Sakin in noun appears within the noun and is always read with Izhaar. Examples ٱَلْمُلْك سُلْطَان اللَّيْلَ.
3. Laam Sakin in Verb (Fail)
Laam Sakinah in verb appears at the middle or end of the verb. We read it with Izhaar if a letter comes after Laam Sakin in verbs, leaving Laam and Raa. Example of this includes قُل أَنْتُم. And when Laam and Raa come after Laam Sakin in verbs, we read it with Idghaam. The example for this type includes أَقُل لَّكُم ، قُل رَّبِّ.
4. Laam Sakin in Particle (Harf)
If Laam Sakin appears at the end of the particle and if the first letter of the second word is Laam or Raa, we apply Idghaam, i.e., the Laam merged into the following letter without Ghunna, such as هَل لَّكُم بَل رَّب. We use Izhaar rule if any letter appears after the particles, except for Laam and Raa. Example هَلْ أنْتُم بَلْ هُم.
5. Laam Sakin in Commanding Verb
The last type of all Laam Sakinah is the one in the commanding verb. If (ثم و ف) appears in front of Laam Sakin in the present tense verbs, usually beginning with ي. Example include ثُمَّ لْيَقْضُ وَلْيُوفُوا.
We hope that we have explained the rules of Lam Sakina in detail, not to mention its definition. Learning these rules is crucial as the Quran is Allah’s book and deserves to be recited correctly. The importance is evident in this verse: “…and recite the Qur’an in correct recitation.
To help you with this, Mishkah Academy presents the Quran Recitation with Tajweed Course, which enables students to study and learn all the rules defined for Quran recitation, including the Laam Sakinah rules. So, without further hesitation, join the course and start this rewarding endeavor now!