Noon Saakin And Tanween Rules | Ahkam Noon Saakin

Noon Saakin And Tanween Rules

Tajweed Rules Of Noon Saakin And Tanween

One of the key benefits of learning the Quran with Tajweed is stated in a hadith of the Prophet “those who can recite the Quran meticulously and precisely will get the highest ranks in Jannah” because the Holy Quran is the only book that its recitation is considered a form of worship and has great reward. There is no other book or speech that fits this description.

So, Every Muslim is expected to recite the Quran correctly to the best of his ability in the correct manner that was revealed to Our Holy Prophet ﷺ. Moving on to the recital, we will study all the Meem Sakinah rules to the best of our abilities. Here, we learn about the tajweed rules noon saakin and tanween to make our recitation precise and correct.

Allah The Almighty said:

“And recite the Qur’an with a chant”, i.e., do not rush to read the Qur’an, but rather read it slowly and clearly while reflecting on the meanings.

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

“The one who is proficient with the Qur’an will be with the noble and righteous scribes (the angels), and the one who reads it and stumbles over it, finding it difficult, will have two rewards.”

Ibn Al-Jazari also “Most Famous Tajweed Scholar” said:

“The practical application of Tajweed is without doubt compulsory. Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner”.

Before we shed light on Noon Saakin And Tanween and dive into the practice comprehension of its rules, it is also recommended to read the Great Benefits Of Learning Tajweed Quran, as they are also very important an crucial.

We also need to make clear why to know these terms and apply them while reciting the Holy Quran. As we know, reading the Quran well means reciting it properly in accordance with the tajweed rules.

Allah Almighty revealed the Noble Qur’an to Our Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in this form (with Tajweed) and commanded him to recite its verses, reflect on and understand their meanings, while beautifying (chanting) its recitation to be different and distinguished from other textual readings.

Hence, Learning Tajweed Rules, including Noon Saakin And Tanween, a priority and giving it its dues effort and time is of great importance. Also, understanding our responsibilities so that we can receive his mercy is of our greatest duties.

Before we clarify the Rules Of Noon Saakinah And Tanween, check this inspiring article to know How To Learn Tajweed Online and apply its rules when reciting the Holy Quran.

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What Is Noon Saakin And Tanween

Noon Saakinah: is a Noon with no Harakah or with a Sukoon sign on it (without dammah, fatha, kasrah.)

(Noon Sakenah) is a Noon letter with a Sukoon or without any movement and is also called (non-voweled).

– The noon sakinah have a sukoon on it or can be written with no vowel.

Tanween: It is actually a Noon Sakin which comes at the end of the nouns. It is pronounced but not written as Noon Sakinah. The sign of Tanween is doubling the signs (harakat); 2 Fatha, 2 Kasrah, and 2 Dammah.

(Tanween) is usally translated as “nonation” which means to double the short vowel at the end of the word.

4 Rules Of Noon Saakin And Tanween

When we talk about Tanween and Noon Saakin rules, there are four related ones we should mention:

  1. Izhar
  2. Iqlaab
  3. Idghaam
  4. Ikhfaa

Noon Sakinah and Tanween are read in one of these four forms. Let’s examine what these Noon Saakin rules are and how we can distinguish the Tanween and Noon Saakin rules from each other!

Noon Sakin Rules

1. Izhar

The word “Izhar” means in the dictionary to explain something or to make something clear. If one of the throat letters we call “Huroof Halaqiyya” comes after Noon Sakinah or Tanween, we are talking about Izhar here.

When we pronounce the letter N clearly, we apply the Izhar rule. The Huroof Halaqiyya are: (ء – هـ – ع – ح – غ – خ)

The Izhar letters and its examples are discussed below.

Izhar Noon Saakin Examples:

easy examples of Izhar

2. Iqlab

If there is a letter Baa (ب) after the Noon Saakin or Tanween, here we have Iqlaab. Changing the sound of a Noon Saakin or Tanween into a Meem is the definition of Iqlaab. All you have to do is to stretch the sound to add Ghunna.

Usually, the letter Meem gives us a sign to recognize this rule. So it is all about turning one letter into another.

Iqlab Examples: 

turning noon into meem for iqlaab

3. Idghaam

The third one of the Noon Saakin rules is called Idghaam. We will analyze it by dividing it into two headings as follows:

Idgham Noon Saakin Examples:

Idghaam with Ghunna

Idghaam is called adding one letter to another letter. If one of the letters (ي – م – ن – و)  comes after Tanween or Noon Sakinah, it becomes Idghaam with Ghunna (nasal sound) for 2 counts.

examples for idghaam with ghunna

Idghaam without Ghunna

If the letters Lam or Ra come after Tanween or noon Sakiin, it means there is Idgham without Ghunna. You have to pronounce it without stretching while the letter is spoken, it is passed quickly.

examples for idghaam without ghunna

4. Ikhfaa

From each of the Noon Saakin rules we listed, there are only fifteen letters left that we didn’t mention. These are the remaining fifteen letters: (ت – ث – ج – د – ذ – ز – س – ش – ص – ض – ط – ظ – ف – ك – ق)

Ikhfaa occurs when one of these fifteen letters comes after tanween or noon Sakinah. While applying this rule, the tongue should not stick to the palate or upper front teeth. There should be a slight gap in between. The sound should come from both the mouth and nasal passages.

Ikhfa Noon Saakin Examples:

how to apply Ikhfaa correctly


We hope that we provided you with the opportunity to increase and improve your Tajweed Knowledge. In case you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us and ask for further explanation. Now, learn the rules of noon saakin and tanween with its practical application. Also, It is a great opportunity to enroll in our versatile Quran with Tajweed course delivered by highly qualified Quran tutors. Learn Tajweed in depth with detailed noon sakinah examples, rules in English,  and application in the Quranic text!

Mishkah Academy offers Online Tajweed Program by under the supervision of Certified Quran & Tajweed Teachers with Ijazah (“authorizations “, “licenses “, “permissions”) to teach Tajweed in several Qiraat, the most important of which is the reading of Hafs from Asim.

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noon Saakin and Tanween examples

– Izhaar: أَنعَمْتَ

– Idgam with Ghunnah: مِنْمَاءٍ، وَمَنيَعْمَل

– Idgam without Ghunnah: مِنْرَّبِّه / وَيْلٌلِّلْمُطَفِّفين

– Iqlab: مِنبَعْدِ، سَمِيعًابَصِيرًا

– Ikhfaa: فأنذرتُكم، ماءًثجّاجًا

Noon Saakin and Tanween rules in English

1-Izhar (to make something clear)

2-Idghaam (merging/combining)

3-Iqlaab (Overturning)

4-IKhfaa(Concealment) (to hide)

What is Izhar in Tajweed

Izhar is one of the rules of Tajweed. It particularly refers to the rule of pronunciation that states that a letter should be pronounced clearly and distinctly when it appears in the afterword, without blending it with the next word. This aids in preserving the Quran’s clarity and understandability while recitation.

Noon Saakin examples in Quran

1- Al-Ithar (Clarification) أَنعَمْتَ

2- Al-Idgham (Merging or assimilation) مِنْمَاءٍ، مِنْرَّبِّه

3- Changing (Qalb) مِنبَعْدِ، سَمِيعًابَصِيرًا

4-Hiding or concealment (ikhfa’) فأنذرتُكم، ماءًثجّاجًا

Noon Saakin and Tanween Izhar examples in the Quran

Izhaar · Presence of or tanween · followed by any letter of the throat ء‌ ه‌ ح ‌خ‌ ع‌ غ · or tanween is pronounced clearly, there is no ghunnah.

Noon Ghunna words in Arabic

When the letter “noon” (ن) appears at the end of a word and is followed by a ghunna (غ) in the following word, the pronunciation of the letter is extended. A ghunna is a sound made in the throat that is nasalized.

how many rules of noon sakinah and tanween

There are four rules of Noon Sakinah and Tanween.

Idgham: merging the sound of the Noon Sakinah or Tanween with the following letter.

Ikhfa: hiding the sound of the Noon Sakinah or Tanween with a slight nasal sound.

Iqlab: changing the Noon Sakinah or Tanween to a Meem sound when followed by a Ba letter.

Izhar: clearly pronouncing the sound of the Noon Sakinah or Tanween without merging or hiding it.

noon saakin and tanween rules examples

The example of:

Izhaar is أَنعَمْتَ

Idgam with Ghunnah is مِنْمَاءٍ

Idgam without Ghunnah is وَيْلٌلِّلْمُطَفِّفين

Iqlab is مِنبَعْدِ

Ikhfaa is ماءًثجّاجًا

Difference between noon saakin and tanween

Noon Sakinah comprises the letter “ن” (noon) that appears in a word without a vowel sign on it. Tanween refers to the two or three short vowels (fatha, kasra, or damma) that appear at the end of a noun to indicate its grammatical state.

How many rules are there in Nun Sakinah and Tanwin?

The four rules are:

1. Idgham

2. Ikhfa

3. Iqlab

4. Izhar

What does noon saakinah mean?

Noon sakinah refers to the letter “ن” (noon) in the Arabic language that appears in a word without a vowel sign on it, and is preceded by a sukoon (a mark that indicates the absence of a vowel sound). This letter “ن” is considered a sakinah, meaning it does not have a vowel sound on it and is followed by another letter with a vowel sound.

Noon Tanween examples

Some examples of Noon Tanween are:

  • كِتَابٌ
  • مَدْرَسَةٌ
  • بَيْتٌ
  • قَلَمٌ
  • جَامِعَةٌ