Rules Of Stopping In Quran
Reciting the Holy Quran is one thing, and reciting it in a proper way is a different thing altogether. If you are not familiar with the basic rules of recitation, then you may not be doing this properly.
So, are you aware of the signs and symbols that are found above some words? Their meaning, purpose, and importance?
If you want to learn Quran recitation, you need to understand and follow the Quran rules of recitation for pauses, stops, starts, and cut-offs. Thus, today Mishkah Academy brings to you the important as well as basic rules of recitation of the Quran.
It is our duty to learn all the Quran reading rules so as to recite it the proper way and apply its teachings to gain the pleasure of Allah the Almighty. Let’s learn the rules of stopping when reading Quran and know all the types of Waqf in Quran for better recitation.
Allah The Almighty said:
“And recite the Qur’an with a chant”, i.e., do not rush to read the Qur’an, but rather read it slowly and clearly while reflecting on the meanings.
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
“The one who is proficient with the Qur’an will be with the noble and righteous scribes (the angels), and the one who reads it and stumbles over it, finding it difficult, will have two rewards.”
Ibn Al-Jazari also “Most Famous Tajweed Scholar” said:
“The practical application of Tajweed is without doubt compulsory. Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner”.
Before we shed light on Stopping Signs Rules and dive into the practice comprehension of its rules, it is also recommended to read the Great Benefits Of Learning Tajweed Quran, as they are also very important an crucial.
Hence, putting How To Learn Tajweed Rules, including Rules Of Stopping In Quran, a priority and giving it its dues effort and time is of great importance. Also, understanding our responsibilities so that we can receive his mercy is of our greatest duties.
Before we clarify Stopping Signs In The Quran, check this inspiring article to know How To Learn Tajweed Quran and apply its rules when reciting the Holy Quran.
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Importance of the Rules of Stopping When Reading Quran
The benefits of learning Tajweed and the rules of stopping when reading Quran are literally countless. Knowing the proper places to begin and the rules of stopping when reading Quran is of utmost importance in order not to make fatal pronunciation mistakes or change the entire meaning.
Moreover, Prophet Muhammad PBUH strongly encouraged us to give the Quran its due effort and respect saying:
“The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Quran and teach it” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
Let us start with the basic rules of Quran recitation. A lot of people are unaware of the basic symbols and signs that they see in the Quran. Thus, here are the basic Quran recitation rules and symbols that you guys need to know about.
Stop And Pause Signs In Quran
Quran Symbols Meaning In English
⃝ – The Conclusion of Verse
“Waqf e Taam” represents the finishing end of a specific verse of Furqan e Hameed. It is also known as the “Perfect Stop”. It is represented simply by a circle at the conclusion of a Quranic line. The reciter has to stop here and take a breath before continuing reading further. It also shows the complete deliverance of the message in that sentence, so a narrator should look back at the verse, fully grasp its gist and get ready to learn about the following lines.
مـ – The Compulsory Stop
The sign of “Waqf e Laazim” bounds the reader to stop reading at this point, as the word laazim means imperative or to do at any cost. It is so because if one does not take a pause here, the entire meaning of the sentence will alter radically.
ط – The Absolute Pause
“Waqf e Mutlaq” is stop sign to indicate to the reader to take a gap in reciting the long passage by taking breath and discontinue the recitation for an instantaneous period of time. It is better to stop here because it makes the reading process easier by fully grabbing the meaning of already read text.
ج – The Permissible Stop
“Waqf e Jaaiz” points toward completion of matter discussed in that fragment of the Ayah, so one needs to stop here, although it is not obligatory to do so, so that it can absorb the meaning discussed in previous part, and get ready to know about new matter in the following part of same verse.
ز – Continue Reading
The sign of “Waqf e Mujawwaz” means one does not need to take a pause and continue the recital process, although there is no prohibition on stopping here.
ص – The Licensed Pause
“Waqf e Murakh-khas” is a symbol that permits the reader to take a break and take a breath in case if getting tired only, but it is highly advisable to carry on reading.
صلي– Preference for Continuation
“Al-wasl Awlaa” indicates towards continue recitation of the verses with no need to stop.
ق – Better not to Stop
“Qeela ‘Alayhil-Waqf” is a sign that shows not to stop recitation although there are differing opinions on whether to stop reading the verses or not.
صل – The Permissible Pause
“Qad Yusal” specifies about the permission of continue reading although one should stop here.
قف – The Anticipation Mark
“Qif” is inserted on the stop sign when a reader might expect the pause sign was not necessary.
س – The Silence Symbol
“Saktah” is a sign at which the reader should take a brief pause without breaking its breath before keeping on reading further.
وقفتہ – The Longer Pause
“Waqfah” indicates the longer pause than Saktah with the same gist of not breaking one`s breath while taking the break.
لا – No Need of Stopping
One should not discontinue reading the verses at this sign of “Laa” as it would change the meaning of Quranic lines altogether, yet one can stop when it is used at the end of the Ayah with Circle Mark of conclusion.
ك – Similar Meaning as Previous Sign
“Kadhaalik or “like that” applies the same connotation of action as suggested by the preceding symbol.
∴ – The Embracing Stop
“Mu’aanaqah” is a sign that signifies about stopping at either of the triplet included in it, with no discontinuation simultaneously.
وقف النبی – The Pause of Prophet PBUH
“Waqf-un-Nabi” shows the parts of Quran where the Messenger ﷺ of God Himself stopped and took pause.
وقف غفران – The Sign of Supplication
“Waqf e Ghufraan” is a symbol indicating a place where the recite and listener should stop to make a prayer in front of Allah SWT.
وقف منزل – The Pause Sign of Jibrael A.S
“Waqf e Manzil” is the sign indicating the Angel, Jibrael`s stopping and taking pause at the time of revealing the Quranic Instructions over the Holy Prophet ﷺ.
These are the signs and symbols that are used in the Holy Quran, which have their own significance and meaning.
To conclude, after this long journey, you should be patient in reading the Quran. Remember that as long as you exert your effort to learn and improve your recitation, then you are on the track. Success is a continuation. Always keep in mind that learning Tajweed is a gateway for understanding the Quran to apply it. Application is the cornerstone.
It is the wish of every Muslim to learn the Holy Quran. But if you are reciting the Holy Quran but are unaware of the major Quran recitation rules, there is no point. With Mishkah Academy, You can now enroll in Online Tajweed Course and start learning all the Tajweed rules, including the rules of stopping when reading Quran.
Importance Of Stopping Signs & Symbols In Quran
Every language is distinct in its form and structure with some definite rules and instructions of its usage. The Divine Language of the Holy Quran has its own principles which every reader has to take care about while reciting the Holy Quran. That is why the Quranic clauses contain some necessary stop and pause signs so that the reader could comprehend its meaning in the rightful manner, learn to recite Quran with correct Tajweed.
When To Stop And Pause In Quran Reading
First of all, let’s understand the definition of Waqf before explaining the rules of stopping when reading Quran. The linguistic definition of doing Waqf is to stop. For its applied definition: It’s cutting off the sound at the end of a word, usually for a period of the time of breathing, with the intention of returning to the recitation, not with the intention of finishing it. It can be at the end of an Ayah or even in the middle. However, it can never be in the middle of the word.
When To Stop While | When Reading Quran
As well as learning the rules of stopping when reading Quran, It is important to know how to stop on any word. Whether at the end of an Ayah or a phrase, or merely to draw a breath, the following is observed:
Short vowels including tanween are omitted in pronunciation from the last letter of the word. One exception is the Tanween of Fathah which is pronounced when stopping as an Alif.
When stopping on Taa Marbutah (ـة or ة) all vowels and Tanween (including that of Fathah) are omitted and the letter is pronounced as Haa with sukoon.