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Laam Shamsiya And Laam Qamariya
Learning the rules of Laam Shamsiya and Laam Qamariya is an important step in learning Arabic for beginners. If you are new to the Arabic language it may seem strange and should probably escape your notice, but sometimes you will see Arabic words beginning with the letter “AL”. This letter changes the noun from an indefinite to a definite noun – just like the English word “The”.
However, sometimes “AL” is pronounced as “A”. Words containing “AL” are Laam Qamariya (also known as the letters of the Moon) while words containing an “A” are Laam Shamsiya (also known as the letters of the Sun or Al Lam Al Shamsiya). In this article, we will introduce you to the rules of Laam Shamsiya and Laam Qamariya to make it learning the Arabic language easier for you.
What Are Sun And Moon Letters
In the Arabic language, consonants are classified into two main groups; the “Sun letters” (حروف شمسية) and the “Moon letters” (حروف قمرية). The The rules of “Laam Shamsiya” & “Laam Qamariya” are as follows:
There are (28) Arabic consonants in total, (14) of which are Sun letters and (14) are Moon letters. Any words beginning with “Sun letters” make “AL” sound like “A -,” while any other words beginning with “Moon letters” pronounce “Lam” like they really should. So, an initial Sun letter right after the given “Lam” will double the initial sun letter and result in the loss of the “Lam” sound in “AL”. As for the the Moon letters, they allow the letter “L” before it to be pronounced entirely as “AL”.
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Laam Shamsiya And Laam Qamariya Letters
Now we will learn about what is called Laam Shamsiya Letters and Laam Qamariya Letters.
What do we mean by “Lam Shamsiya & Laam Qamariyyah”? It’s the second letter of (ال) which is the Lam Shamsiya or Qamariya based on some rules of Arabic reading.
What Is Laam Shamsiya
Laam Shamsiya is used to call the Laam which is written but not pronounced while reading Arabic.
Sun Letters In Arabic
In the case of Laam Shamsiya, Laam is not pronounced like saying (the sun= الشمس) when you read it will be read (اشمس). We remove the lam and put some stress on the following letter.
(ﻥ ﻝ ﻅ ﻁ ﺽ ﺹ ﺵ ﺱ ﺯ ﺭ ﺫ ﺩ ﺕ)
[t / th / d / y / r / g / s / sh / r / z / i / y / n / l]
Listed below are some Lam Shmasiya words:
The Notebook: (الدَّفْتَر)
The Window: (النَّافِذَة)
The Man: (الرّجل)
What Is Laam Qamariya
lam Qamariya is the lam that is both written and pronounced.
Moon Letters In Arabic
In the case of Laam Qamariya words like (the moon=القمر) pronunciation of the word didn’t change at all. Therefore, it is called a static Laaam, why? Because it doesn’t change the movement of the letter that comes after it.
( هـ ﻱ ﻭ ﻡ ﻙ ﻕ ﻑ ﻍ ﻉ ﺥ ﺡ ﺝ ﺏ أ)
[a / b / c / h / k / p / g / q / s / k / m / e / f / j]
Listed below are some Moon letters Arabic examples:
The House: (الْبَيْت)
The Mosque: (الْمَسْجِد)
The Day of Judgment: (الْقيامة)
Laam Shamsiya Examples From Quran:
There are several instances in the Quran where you will find Huroof Ash-Shamsiya and Huroof Al-Qamariya.
Examples Of Haroof E Shamsi From Quran
Here are some of the examples of Haroof E Shamsiya from Quran:
(الرَّحْمٰنِ النَّاصِرِين ٱللَّطِيفُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ ٱلطَّآمَّةُ السَّمِیْعُ)
Laam Qamariya Examples From Quran:
(الْفَجْرِ الْعِمَادِ الْبِلَادِ الْفَلَقِ الْجِنَّةِ)
Rules of Laam Shamsiya and Laam Qamariya
The rule of the reading moon and sun letters in Arabic is so simple and easy to learn:
- Laam Shamsiya: When Laam Shamsiya comes after any of the Haroof Shamsiyah (Sun Letters), it will be read with “Idghaam” (merging) but without the Ghunnah (without nasal sound).
- Laam Qamariya: If any of the Huroof Qamariya (Moon letters or Lam Kamariya) follows Laam, it would be recited with “Izhaar” (making clear).
How To Remember Arabic Sun And Moon Letters
Initially, remembering the “Sun and Moon Letters” by learning the rules of “Laam Shamsiya” and “Laam Qamariya” might seem tricky but once you understand its concept, you will be surprised that remembering Arabic Sun and Moon letters is easy for you.
The trick of remembering the rules of “Laam Shamsiya & Laam Qamariya” lies in their names. For instance, “الشمس” (Sun) is pronounced as “Ash-Shams” in Arabic, which means there is no (L) sound in the letter. This implies that all “Sun Letters” will be pronounced without (L).
On the other hand, “القمر” (Moon) is pronounced as Al-Qamar in Arabic, which means there is a significant (L) sound. This implies that all “Moon Letters” will be pronounced with the (L).
Laam Shamsiya And Qamariya In Tajweed
As for the relationship between the rules of Laam Shamsiya and Laam Qamariya, it goes without saying that Tajweed Rules plays an important role when you are trying to learn to Read Quran with Tajweed, since you do not want to pronounce any letter incorrectly.
In terms of Sun and Moon letters, the “Sun Letters” in the Arabic language are pronounced from points of articulation close to the articulation point of the letter “Lam”, while the “Moon Letters” are pronounced from points far away. This is the reason why Laam Shamsiya is incorporated in the Sun Letters.
No matter how it is pronounced, “AL” can not be spelled differently in written language. A “Shadda Sign” will be added to the consonant after the Laam to identify Laam Shamsiya. A “Sukoon” can be placed over Laam to showcase Laam Qamariya.
Importance Of Laam Shamsiya & Qamariya
Now that we’ve gone through all the basics and grammar of Laam Shamsiya & Laam Qamariya, let’s take a look at why it’s so important to learn the Shamsiya and Qamariya letters and other Lam basics:
A consonant refers to the sound one makes by blocking the flow of air into the vocal tract. It is a letter of the alphabet that represents the primary speech sound. The consonant voice makes the speaker’s speech clear and crisp, allowing others to understand him/her easily.
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|Moon Letters||Moon Words||Sun Letters||Sun Words|
While you are checking out, we would like to touch on the important points we made in this post about the rules of Laam Shamsiya and Laam Qamariya one last time.
In this article, we got to know the consonants in Arabic and mentioned that “Laam Shamsiya and Laam Qamariya” are two broad categories of it. But the main difference between them is that “Laam Shamsiya Letters” make the sound A, while “Laam Qamariya Letters” make the sound AL.
To understand more… The first example is “the door = الباب”, how do you read it? It reads “albab = the door”, as you can see, here we pronounce lam which means that here it is lam lunar.
The letter after the L does not change at all. Therefore, it pays to push the wheel in exchange for its use. It bears the pronounciation.
Another example is the word “lesson = الدرس.” The letter that follows Al is D, which is one of the letters of the sun. Then we pronounce it as follows “Addars”, the lam is removed and the letter that follows it is stressed.
In sum, what we have said is Lam Shamsiya for the word, and it is not pronounced, so the letter followed by it is emphatic. While showing being in Qamariya, the lam is pronounced and does not change the word and the movement of the next letter does not change.