Sifaat Al Huroof | Sifaat Tajweed

Sifaat Al Huroof In Tajweed

One of the main benefits of learning the Qur’an with Tajweed is mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet “Those who can recite the Qur’an accurately and precisely will attain the highest ranks in Heaven” because the Holy Qur’an is the only book that its recitation is considered a form of worship with great reward. No other book or letter fits this description.

It is expected of every Muslim to read the Qur’an correctly as much as he can and in the correct way that was revealed to our Holy Prophet. Moving on to the article, we will study all the rules of Mim Sakina to the best of our ability.

Allah The Almighty said:

“And recite the Qur’an with a chant”, i.e., do not rush to read the Qur’an, but rather read it slowly and clearly while reflecting on the meanings.

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

“The one who is proficient with the Qur’an will be with the noble and righteous scribes (the angels), and the one who reads it and stumbles over it, finding it difficult, will have two rewards.”

Ibn Al-Jazari also “Most Famous Tajweed Scholar” said:

“The practical application of Tajweed is without doubt compulsory. Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner”.

Before we shed light on Sifaat Al Huroof and dive into the practice comprehension of its rules, it is also recommended to read the Great Benefits Of Learning Tajweed Quran, as they are also very important an crucial.

We also need to explain why these conditions are known and applied while reciting the Holy Quran. As we know, reading the Qur’an well means reading it correctly according to the rules of Tajweed. Hence, it is important for us to learn the Sifaat meaning and its rules.

God Almighty revealed the Noble Qur’an to our Prophet Muhammad in this form (Tajweed) and commanded him to recite its verses, meditate on their meanings, understand their meanings, and beautify their recitation to be different and distinct from other textual readings.

Hence, putting How To Learn Tajweed Rules, including Sifaat Al Huroof, a priority and giving it its dues effort and time is of great importance. Also, understanding our responsibilities so that we can receive his mercy is of our greatest duties.

Before we clarify Sifaat Al Huroof, check this inspiring article to know How To Learn Tajweed Quran and apply its rules when reciting the Holy Quran.

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Sifaat In Tajweed

We can recite the Quran with excellent pronunciation thanks to Sifatul Huroof. Sifaatul huroof refers to “letter qualities.” One must be familiar with Sifaat Tajweed in order to recite the Quran using Tajweed.

About the number of sifat, scholars have disagreed. Some of them have increased their total to 17 sifat. This is Imam Ibn Al Jazary’s viewpoint. 44 sifaat are now the number for some. Others counted the ghunna among them and eliminated some sifat (such as “idhlaq” and its opposite “ismat,” as well as “inhiraf” and “leen”), bringing their total to 14. We’ll continue to emphasis that there are 17 sifat that are required.

This post will highlight 17 sifaatul huroof that are required. This article will also go over how each letter differs from the others through the possession of unique attributes, features, or characteristics.

Sifaat Meaning In English

Sifaat refers to the letter’s characteristic(s). The distinctive way a letter is written that sets it apart from others. These traits serve as a means of identifying letters with similar articulation points (makhaarij).

What Is Sifaat In Tajweed

According to Tajweed Rules, Sifaat are divided into two categories:

  1. Sifaatul laazimah (al-thaatiyyah) – quality that is intrinsic in the letter. The term “permanent qualities” refers to a quality that is inherent to a letter and cannot be altered; it is a privilege that the letter has that must be exercised.
  2. Sifaatul ‘aaridah (al-zaa’idah) – quality present as a result of the letter’s circumstances. Redundant features, also known as additional rights [which must be exercised] of the letter, are those characteristics that “add to” or “complete” a letter such that if they were eliminated, the actual letter would not be affected.

Sifaat Of Arabic Letters

About the Sifaat of Arabic letters, scholars have disagreed. Some of them have increased their total to 17 sifat. This is Imam Ibn Al Jazary’s viewpoint. 44 sifaat are now the number for some. Others counted the ghunna among them and eliminated some sifat (such as “idhlaq” and its opposite “ismat,” as well as “inhiraf” and “leen”), bringing their total to 14. We’ll continue to emphasis that there are 17 sifat that are required.

Tajweed Rules Sifaat

Tajweed rules Sifaat that must be kept in mind to pronounce words correctly are 17. The sifaat laazimah is divided by two further parts:

Sifaat Mutadhaadah, or opposite attributes. The following list of ten traits and their opposites:

  • Aljahr الجهر
  • Alhams الهمس
  • Ashiddah الشدة
  • Arakhawa الرخاوة
  • Isti’laa الاستعلاء
  • Istifaa الاستفال
  • Infitaa الانفتاح
  • Itbaaq الاطباق
  • Idhlaq الازلاق
  • Ismat الاصمات

Sifaat Ghair Mutadhaadah, or characteristics without an antithesis. The following are seven qualities that cannot be opposed:

  • As Safeer الصَفِير
  • Al-Leen اللين
  • Al Qalqala القَلْقَلَة
  • Al inhiraf الإِنْحِراف
  • At-takreer التَّكْرِير
  • At tafashee التَّفَشِي
  • Al istitala الإِسْتِطَالَة

Sifaatul Huroof In English

As we know Sifaatul huroof  are 17 that are further categorised into two groups. The first group Sifaat Mutadhaadah, meaning in English is a pair of letters that has opposite attributes. Sifaat Ghair Mutadhaadah, meaning in English is the characteristics without an antithesis.

Now examine at the 17 sifaatul huroof that are required and are generally accepted by scholars. The chart below explains these sifatul Tajweed letters and their meanings.

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Sifaat Al Huroof Chart

Sifaat   Linguistic meaning   Description   Letters
Al Hams


an Arabic word that means “the whisper.” Once the letter is spoken, the air keeps coming out. When the letter is sakeena (bear a sukoon), it is easier to see the airflow. ف – ح – ث – ه – ش – خ – ص – س – ك – ت
al Jahr


“the booming voice” in Arabic. The airflow is cut off while the remaining letters are being pronounced.  

ا – ب –  ج – د – ذ –  – ز- ض

ط – ظ – ع -غ -ق – ل – م – ن – و -ء – ي

Ash-shidda  الشِّدَّة An Arabic word that signifies “the intensity.” Al-shadda is an Arabic word that signifies “the intensity.” By pronouncing the eight letters, the sound flow is interrupted. ت – ك -ب – ط -ق – د – ج –أ
ArRakhawa الرَّخَاوَةُ Signifies “flexibility.” Al-rakhawa is an Arabic word that signifies “flexibility.” The sound flow as you say the final 15 cents is as follows.  


و – ه – ف – غ – ظ – ض -ص

ش -س-ز – ذ – خ – ح – ث – ا


Al-istiala  الاِسْتِعَلاءُ Al-istiala is an Arabic word that means “elevation.” The palate is pressed upward by the letter’s pronunciation. Seven letters are being pressured. ظ – خ – ص – ض -غ – ط – ق
Al-istifal  الاسْتِفَالُ Al-istifal is an Arabic word that means “lowering.” When a letter is spoken, it puts pressure on the palate and does the same for the following letters (22 letters). ا – ب – ت – ث – ج – ح – د – ذ – ر -ز -س

ش – ع – ف – ك – ل – م – ن – ه – و -ء – ي

Al-itbaq  الإِطْبَاق Al-itbaq is derived from the Arabic verb that means “to stick.” When pronouncing the following four letters, there is a pressure of a portion of the tongue on the palate: ظ – ط – ض -ص
Al infitah الإِنْفِتَاح Al-infitah is the Arabic word for separation. When pronouncing the remaining 25 letters, the act of separating the tongue from the palate is known as separation. ا – ب – ت – ث – ج – ح – خ – د – ذ -ر -ز – س

ش – ع – غ – ف – ق – ك – ل – م – ن – ه  – و – ء – ي


Al-idhlaq  الإِذْلاقُ Means “easy” in Arabic These letters are spoken smoothly and easily. ب – ل – م – ن  – ر – ف
Al ismat  الإِصْمَات Means “heaviness” The pronunciation of the letters in al ismat is affected by a heaviness. The letters In question are the final 23 letters. ا – ت – ث – ج – ح – خ – د – ذ – ز – س –  ش – ص

ض – ط – ظ – ع -غ – ق – ك – ه – و -ء – ي

As Safeer  الصَفِير As-safîr is the Arabic word for whistling. The whistle that comes with the letter is this. ص – ز – س
Al baynya  البَينية Its other name is at-tawasut. The sound is neither fully absent (sound stop) as in nor prolonged (sound flow) as in. ر – م – ع – ن – ل
Al Qalqala  القَلْقَلَة Al qalqala is an Arabic word that signifies unease, instability, and disturbance. As a result of the pronunciation of a Sakeena letter and the abrupt separation of two pronunciation organs without any mouth opening, lip rounding, or inferior jaw lowering, there is a powerful effect. Sifat is a trait that belongs to Tajweed as well. This is a powerful quality. ق – ط – ب – ج – د
Al inhiraf  الإِنْحِراف Al-inhirâf is the Arabic word for deviance The sound of the letters is being diverted away from their initial point of articulation in this way. This is a powerful quality. This relates to the2 letters ل – ر
At-takreer  التَّكْرِير At-takrîr is the Arabic word for repetition It is the sound of the tongue’s tip moving while the letter is spoken.


At tafashee  التَّفَشِي In the Arabic language, at-tafashee means propagation It is the spread of air in the mouth when the letter is spoken. This is a strong characteristic. ش
Al istitala   الإِسْتِطَالَة Al Istitala is the Arabic word for elongation This is a lacking quality. The sound lengthens in this way when pronouncing the letter. ض