Madd Badal In Quran
One of the main benefits of learning the Qur’an with Tajweed is mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet “Those who can recite the Qur’an accurately and precisely will attain the highest ranks in Heaven” because the Holy Qur’an is the only book that its recitation is considered a form of worship with great reward. No other book or letter fits this description.
It is expected of every Muslim to read the Qur’an correctly as much as he can and in the correct way that was revealed to our Holy Prophet. Moving on to the article, we will study all the rules of Mim Sakina to the best of our ability.
Allah The Almighty said:
“And recite the Qur’an with a chant”, i.e., do not rush to read the Qur’an, but rather read it slowly and clearly while reflecting on the meanings.
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
“The one who is proficient with the Qur’an will be with the noble and righteous scribes (the angels), and the one who reads it and stumbles over it, finding it difficult, will have two rewards.”
Ibn Al-Jazari also “Most Famous Tajweed Scholar” said:
“The practical application of Tajweed is without doubt compulsory. Who does not read the Quran correctly is a sinner”.
Before we shed light on Madd Badal Rules and dive into the practice comprehension of its rules, it is also recommended to read the Great Benefits Of Learning Tajweed Quran, as they are also very important an crucial.
We also need to explain why these conditions are known and applied while reciting the Holy Quran. As we know, reading the Qur’an well means reading it correctly according to the rules of Tajweed.
God Almighty revealed the Noble Qur’an to our Prophet Muhammad in this form (Tajweed) and commanded him to recite its verses, meditate on their meanings, understand their meanings, and beautify their recitation to be different and distinct from other textual readings.
Hence, putting How To Learn Tajweed Rules, including Madd E Badal, a priority and giving it its dues effort and time is of great importance. Also, understanding our responsibilities so that we can receive his mercy is of our greatest duties.
Before we clarify the Rules Of Madd Al Badal, check this inspiring article to know How To Learn Tajweed Quran and apply its rules when reciting the Holy Quran.
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What Is Madd Badal
Madd Al Badal in Arabic: is when 2 hamzah in the same word, the second with a Sukoon sign, come in succession, it is called Madd E Badal to convert the second hamzah to a Madd letter in the movement (harakah) of the first hamzah.
The reason for this rule is the pronunciation difficulty that occurs when there are two hamzas, (the second hamza has a Sukoon), come in succession. After discussing the rules of Madd Badal and its pronunciation, you realize when reading the Quran, you have been applying this rule naturally without realizing that. Let’s take a look!
How To Apply Madd Al Badal
If there are 2 hamzah in a word, the first has a vowel and the second has a Sukoon. The second hamzah is converted from the vowel category of the first hamzah to the letter Madd (for example, if the first hamza has a Dammah on it, the second hamzah is changed to (و), if the first hamza has a Kasrah, the second Hamzah is changed to (ي) and if the first hamza has a Fathah on it, the second hamzah is changed to (ا).
Madd Badal Examples:
أُؤْتينا ⇨ وَأُوتِينَا (originally)
إئْتاء ⇨ وَا۪يتَٓائِ (originally)
أأْدم ⇨ ءادم (originally)
The example of Madd Badal above shows that the hamza with the Sukoon (on the parts shown in orange) turns into a Madd letter in the type of Haraka of the preceding hamza so as to make the recitation of Allah’s book easier.
The example of Madd Badal above shows that when hamzah comes with Sukoon turns into a Madd letter of the type of the previous hamzah movement to facilitate the recitation.
Madd Badal Examples In Quran:
While the example in the word (وَأُوتِينَا), the example in the word (وَا۪يتَٓائِ). Here, the letter that has changed and turned into the letter Madd is sounded for two counts.
- وَأُوتِينَا ⇨ wa ooteenaa
- وَا۪يتَٓائِ ⇨ wa eetaae
- ءادم ⇨ aadama
When Not To Apply Madd Badal
To better understand the examples and the rule, let’s see an example in which case this rule is not applied. The word (أَيْمَانَهُمْ) in the Qur’an does not contain Badal and its pronunciation is “Aymaanahum”.
As you can see in the red shaded section, Hamza’s vowel is the Fatha before the letter Mad Yaa. For two beats to be heard, the hamza movement must be a Kasrah.
Best Quran Tajweed Course
Although Tajweed rules cover many topics, these rules are mainly intended to make reading easier and improve recitation. If you learn the Quran from experienced Quran teachers who have a good knowledge of Tajweed, then the application of the rules of Tajweed will develop as a natural process and this will become a habit to recite the Book of Allah Almighty in the correct manner. If you want to learn more about Tajweed, join Mishkah Academy’s private online Quran classes! Click, contact us, and start your free trial lessons!